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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

TEE TEMPLE OF MAHJt YIDYjf DBYL                                 135
were Chhote L41 and Mannii Lal3 San&dhs; the head of the works Chunni :
the cost Ks, 2,735, Kartik sudi 13th, Sambat 1903," The Swami's actual name
was Narayan, and his /disciple, Baladeva, was a foundling "whom he picked up
in the street. Both were Pandits of high local repute.
At no great distance is the temple of Mah& Vidya Devi. The original image
•with that dedication is said to have "been set up hy the Pandavas ; the present
shrine, a Sikhara of ordinary character in a small quadrangle^ was built hy the
Peshwa towards the end of last century. The hill upon which it stands is ascended
by flights of masonry steps between 30 and 40 in number. At the foot is a small
dry tank, completely overgown with a dense jungle of ler, p&u, and kins. In the
court-yard, which occupies the entire plateau, is a karil tree said to be of enormous.
age, under which were to be seen, among ofcher fragments, a Buddhist pillar
carved with the figure of May & Devi under the sal-tree, and a square stone box
with a seated Buddha on each of its four sides a Two melas. are held here on
the 8th of the light fortnight of Chait and Kuwar. This again, like G-okarnesvarj
is unquestionably one of the old Buddhist sites, with its name still unchanged;
for Mahavidyd or Vidya Devi is3 strictly speakingj a Buddhist goddess.
The Jaysinh-pura Kh&ra, which overlooks the Sarasvati Sangam and is sepa»
rated by a deep ravine from the Mahavidy& hill, is of great extent and has been
tunnelled all over in search for bricks. Several Buddhist sculptures have been
found at different times and collected at a shrine of Chamund Devi, which is
immediately under the khera at the back of Seih Mangi Lai's new garden,
whence I brought away some of the best for the museum* Across the road,,
under Jay Sinn's old palace, I found^ in the hed of the river, near the ghat
erected by one of Srndhia's generals and Hence called the Sempatf s, a draped
Buddhist figure of the earliest period, with, a Pali inscription at the base, so
much obliterated by the washermen, who had used it for beating linen upon,
that only a few letters here and there were legible. The figure- tad lost both
head and hands, but was otherwise in good preservation,
At several of the holy places, as we have had occasion to remark, a large tank
forms one of $ie principal features; but the only one ihat can be called a success.
is the Siva tal, not far from the KanMli tUa. This is a spacious quadrangular
basin of great depth and always well supplied with water. It is enclosed in
high boundary wall with comer Mosques and a small arched doorway In ifce
centre of 'three of its sides. On the fourlih side is the slope for watering catEd
or ' go-ghat/ with two memorial inscriptions facing each o&% ike one in